Fashion Updates | Industry Updates | Lifestyle & Travel | Sustainability


Published: July 6, 2023
Author: Fashion Value Chain

The fashion industry is on a journey towards ever-greater environmental responsibility. Having embarked on this path several years ago, its actions are now being noticed and its efforts recognized by consumers, whose buying habits increasingly take sustainability and quality into account. Here’s a look at the state of play.

A new study conducted by the IFM (Institut Français de la Mode)-Première Vision Chair, based on a panel of 5,000 respondents, offers a unique view of the progress of sustainable fashion. Five countries were surveyed: France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and the United States. So, how do we view eco-responsible fashion and, more importantly, how does it affect our purchases?

Première Vision, a leading organizer of events for the creative fashion industry, is committed to providing guidance and education, in particular through its flagship show, Première Vision Paris (July 4 6, 2023, Parc des Expositions de Paris Nord Villepinte). During these international professional gatherings, Première Vision brings together all the players to encourage reflection and promote new ways of envisioning fashion. The IFM-Première Vision study, conducted for the first time in 2019, provides us with information on the dynamics at work in terms of eco-responsibility and new evolutions, helping us guide the entire industry in understanding this new landscape.

The first lesson to be drawn from this study is that fashion seems to have begun its eco-responsibility revolution in the eyes of the general public. Until recently perceived as one of the most polluting industries, its transformation has become more visible to consumers. Indicators confirm this: the strategy initiated years ago by the major luxury houses, then followed by the industry as a whole, is being more closely watched and better understood. “The image of fashion is definitely improving. The efforts made by brands, especially in terms of information and transparency, are being noticed,” said Gildas Minvielle, Director of the IFM Economic Observatory.

This trend can be seen in several specific ways. In response to the question “Is the fashion industry more or less respectful of environmental criteria than other sectors?” 64.3% of French respondents said that it was just as respectful or more respectful. That’s six points more than three years ago, when the glamorous side of fashion seemed to be at odds with consumers’ environmental concerns. This evolution can also be seen in Germany (67.8%, +8 points) and reaches its highest levels in Italy and the United States, where 74.7% and 81.5% of respondents respectively consider fashion to be as environmentally friendly or more so than other industries.

What about their actual purchases? In a difficult economic context—clothing and textile sales have still not returned to their 2019 levels—the budget allocated to eco-responsible fashion is on the rise. It has risen from €136.5 to €148.6 per person per year in France and has even jumped in Germany (from €148 to €212) and in the United States (from $171 to $230).

However, “green” clothing still has a long way to go before it becomes as much a part of our shopping habits as other types of products. For example, while 68% of women (with men following the same trend) bought organic food and 63% bought organic cosmetics in the last year, only 44.9% of French people said they had chosen eco-responsible clothing. This is more than in the UK (42%) but less than in Italy (54.4%).


Underlying factors can explain the rise of sustainable fashion, starting with a heightened awareness of environmental issues. But style also matters. And there has been a shift in consumers’ minds: eco responsible fashion is now perceived as being compatible with trends and elegance.

This is great news: the “green vs. beautiful” dichotomy, which has long prevailed, seems to be behind us. In the five countries surveyed, nine out of 10 people see sustainable products as fashionable, up eight points in France and 13 points in Germany since 2019. “These are remarkable results,” said Gildas Minvielle “We are now very close to consensus.” The change initiated by a few luxury brands several years ago is catching on.


Just three years ago, a lack of information was cited as the main obstacle to buying eco-responsible clothing. Among non-buyers, more than one in two people in France (50.4%) said their reason for not buying eco-responsible clothing was that they did not know enough about the issue. By 2022, the level of information among the French public had risen sharply and this figure had fallen to 33%.

The number of consumers who consider themselves well-informed has even doubled in some countries, rising from 18% to 36% in Germany and from 32% to 57% in the US. In addition to greater awareness, consumers are also more likely to know where to find these products in their local stores. Proof that the industry is turning a corner in terms of transparency and has reached a higher level of maturity on these issues.

Among the channels of information preferred by customers, two sources stand out. The first one is the garment label itself, which is by far the most popular information channel in all the countries surveyed: over 70% in France and between 60% and 70% in all the other markets. It is followed by information given directly at the point of sale. Other sources of information, such as the brand’s website, media or social networks, lag far behind.


In 2022, consumers consider materials to be very important. They are looking for materials that can be viewed as eco-responsible (natural or otherwise), recycled materials, and high-quality manufacturing, free of toxic products.

The importance of materials is reinforced by three powerful dynamics:

Durability: buy less often, and keep items longer. The search for clothes that last is growing. As a result, more attention is being paid to the materials from which they are made and their quality, which directly impacts a product’s durability. This quest for durability aligns with the quest for responsibility, which is still very closely linked to materials in the public’s view (in France, 37.7% of respondents cite materials as the first metric for eco-responsibility).

Repairability: a surprisingly widespread phenomenon. The idea of repairing clothes or having them repaired is spreading rapidly. In 2022, no less than 64.2% of French respondents said they had repaired at least one item of clothing. The figure is even more spectacular in Italy, where it reaches 82.4%. Offered by certain brands and even new companies dedicated to this service, the trend towards reparability is anything but anecdotal. Clothing joins other sectors where this trend can be seen (furniture, household appliances, decoration, etc.).

Second-hand: the global second-hand market has boomed, and keeps growing. About one in two women and one in three men bought a second-hand item last year, a rate that continues to rise. Though they used to owe their popularity to the fact that they were less expensive, second-hand items are now chosen for other reasons, too. Although still in the first place, price is less frequently cited as a reason for purchase (68.6% of French people, versus 74.8% three years earlier), while the environmental credentials of second-hand are gaining ground (48% of French people, compared to 43%). Like with durability and repairability, the explosion of the second-hand sector demands good quality garments that can live several lives.


Perceptions of environmental responsibility remain strongly correlated with the geographic proximity of production sites. To be considered sustainable, a garment must be made close to home for an overwhelming majority of French people (82.3%), for 79% of respondents in Italy, and for 85% of Americans. “The definition of ‘locally made’ has expanded to include our European neighbors,” Gildas Minvielle explained. Nearly six out of 10 French people believe that a garment made in Europe also offers guarantees of environmental responsibility, an opinion that has increased by 13 points since 2019. But it’s still a long way from the most local production.

In the United States, this “regionalist” movement witnessed in Europe isn’t at all visible, while “localism” is at record levels. While 53% of consumers used to believe that a product made by their Central American neighbors could be considered responsible, today only 28% do.


Consumers want to keep the momentum going: they ask for clear and reliable information about how their clothes are made. In fact, while the proportion of consumers who feel they have enough information has doubled in recent years, it still only represents a third of the sample. Yet six out of 10 people in France say that better information would encourage them to buy more sustainable products.

Regulatory changes—whether national, European or American—are therefore anticipated by both shoppers and brands. Certification labels have a key role to play in guiding them. But their sheer number—there are now more than 400 eco-responsible labels—makes them difficult to understand. Of the 12 labels selected and presented to respondents, knowledge is unsurprisingly very heterogeneous. In France, only the EU Ecolabel stands out with 74% awareness. The others are recognized with difficulty.

To help the industry adapt to these new challenges, Première Vision is launching “‘a better way’: the sustainable programme for more transparent sourcing,” a solution that analyzes exhibitors’ initiatives and highlights their efforts to buyers and visitors. A specific pictogram guarantees verified commitments in five areas: social initiatives, production site impact, traceability, product composition, sustainability and end-of-life. 290 manufacturers are already eligible for ‘a better way,’ designed to simplify and guide a market that needs it.


The public’s growing awareness of environmental responsibility is undeniable. While the current challenging economic climate seemed to threaten the growth of the eco-responsible fashion market, it is holding up surprisingly well. The change in direction driven by brands has indeed borne fruit. The image of the fashion industry has shifted, and the coming years hold great promise for the brands that will educate, reassure and support their customers in choosing sustainable, well-made products.

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